Diabetes is the leading cause for blindness and poor vision in the world. Those suffering from diabetes are more prone to the occurrence of various infections and degenerative processes of the eye. The most important complication of diabetes on the eye is diabetic retinopathy.
The retina is a thin layer of tissue that lines the back of the eye on the inside. It is located near the optic nerve. The purpose of the retina is to receive light that the lens has focused, convert the light into neural signals, and send these signals on to the brain for visual recognition.
Retinal detachment is a medical emergency that needs to be operated on as soon as possible, preferably within 24 hours. Retinal detachment is treated by surgery called vitrectomy. Vitrectomy is the most complex microsurgical procedure for access to the depth of the eye to treat diseases of the posterior eye segment. In the last 20 years significant development of technology and surgical techniques allowed the operative treatment of the posterior eye segment that could not be treated before. Those are the most complicated eye diseases and may involve bleeding in the eye depths, retinal detachment, sever eye damage in diabetes mellitus, severe inflammation, ect.
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